Sunday, November 26, 2017
2 Samuel 23:1-7
© Stacey Steck
Biblical News Flash! King David was bald! King David was bald! Why else would today’s passage describe him as a blinding light, as someone who is like the light of morning, like the sun rising on a cloudless morning, gleaming from the rain on the grassy land. You know that kind of light. It’s the first thing in the morning, driving due east, too lazy to scrape all the frost off the car window kind of blinding light, the kind that even aviator sunglasses can’t entirely deflect. It’s the kind of light that is so bright that you can see it even with your eyes closed, especially when you desperately want to fall asleep and can only do so in total darkness. You know that kind of light. It’s the kind that emanates from the head of the bald guy leaning over to tie his shoe. There’s no doubt in my mind that King David was bald.
Through the centuries, bald men have had to come up with comebacks to such vicious attacks. Of course I’ve told you about my Biblical favorite in 2 Kings chapter 2 when the prophet Elisha calls down two she-bears to maul the forty-two boys who taunted him for being bald. And then there’s the retort of the folicly challenged that the higher the forehead, the greater the wisdom and so here is even more proof that David was bald. We need look no further than the book of Proverbs to see that David was wise, since it says there that “the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom,” and it says here that the ideal king, King David as he describes himself, ruled “in the fear of the Lord.” So, it follows logically that he was very wise, and therefore, very bald. And if that’s true, than certainly the wisest man of all, our friend Jesus, must have been the baldest of all. How’s that for Biblical prooftexting?
These are King David’s final words, and he pulls no punches in announcing that he is the King of kings, favored by God with the divine word on his tongue, exalted, anointed, the favorite of the Strong One of Israel. David was nothing if not modest. He is described with those poetic words about light, compared to the sun and all its power. Behold the King: a blinding light, capable like the light of day of dispelling fear of darkness, reliable like the sun coming up every morning, making visible the invisible, giving power to see the unseen. Yes, King David is blinding and dazzling, but what makes him so is not his good looks, his military prowess, or his longevity as King, ruling for more than 40 years, but most importantly that he was “ruling in the fear of God,” ruling justly the people of Israel.
You see, that is the criteria by which Kings are judged. That old Pharoah, King of Egypt, was a powerful ruler, commanding unbeatable armies with more horses and chariots than you could count, but he lacked what would have made him a great king when he refused Moses’ request to “let my people go.” Of all the kings of Israel and Judah who would follow David and his son Solomon, of all of them, only three are described as “walking in all the ways of his father David,” which is code for being a good king, and the rest are bad kings not because they failed to lead the armies of Israel to victory or the nation to economic prosperity, but because they did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, building monuments to other gods and failing to heed the prophets’ messages to “seek good and not evil, that you may live,” in other words to live as if they knew that God was God and they weren’t.
That idea, knowing that God is God and you are not, is maybe the best definition of that scary phrase, “the fear of the Lord.” The fear of the Lord is not about living in fear, but living in awe, not about walking around wondering when God will jump out from behind a rock to scare you out of your wits, but marveling at the rock itself and your own inability to make it. The word “fear” here is better understood as “awe,” meaning that jaw dropping sense of awesomeness or wonder you experience when you come face to face with something so amazing or divine that it seems too perfect or too untouchable or too indescribable. The fear of the Lord is that profound understanding of the difference between you and God, a way of living as if you know how awesome God really is.
And so David ruled in the fear of the Lord, and for doing so, he is rewarded both with poetry that describes him as perfect light, but also with a promise, a covenant, that one of his descendants would always sit on the throne. “Your house,” God said to David, “Your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me; your throne shall be established forever.” This divine promise, this covenant, is what David is recalling in his last words when he says, “Is not my house like this with God?” that is, isn’t it like perfect light, “For he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things and secure.” With these last words, David is making sure that everyone knows he ruled “in the fear of the Lord,” and ruled justly.
Today is Christ the King Sunday, the last Sunday of the church’s year, the final Lord’s day of its calendar. Christ the King Sunday celebrates one of the three traditional roles of Jesus Christ. In these roles of Prophet, Priest, and King, Jesus Christ makes known God’s justice, God’s compassion, and God’s power. Why we don’t have a Christ the Prophet Sunday, or a Christ the Priest Sunday, I have no idea, but for some reason, the church saw fit to celebrate Christ’s role of King with a special day. Of course we know that Jesus was no earthly king, that his crown was of thorns, not gold and jewels, that we must wait to see his throne in heaven, that he wielded power in ways very unlike the kings of his own time. So why do we say that Christ was King? Well, we do so in part because of the way Jesus’ followers interpreted his life with respect to the covenant with David. In Jesus Christ, the early church saw the rightful heir to the throne of David. In Jesus Christ, the world experienced someone who, like David, ruled “in the fear of the Lord.” We should not find it surprising to hear Jesus describing himself as “the light of the world” after we hear how David describes himself in these his final words. From the first perfect king to the last perfect king, God has been faithful to the covenant established with David.
Next Sunday begins the season of Advent when we will hear again of the prophecies about a Messiah, about the ancestry of Jesus, about the similarities between Jesus and David, and they all stem from this covenant made with David, on the basis of his ruling “in the fear of the Lord.” Keeping in mind all that Jesus did, or didn’t do, as King, it is easy to see that through all the years of exile by the Babylonians, and all the years of occupation by the Romans, the criteria for the perfect King of Israel never changed. Being guided by that jaw dropping awe, that knowledge that God is God, remained the most important and obvious way of discerning who is a good king. A simple reading of the Gospel reveals that Jesus lived his life “in the fear of the Lord,” and ruled justly as a result. No wonder Jesus was recognized as a King.
Of course we don’t have Kings anymore that function like kings in Biblical times. And the fate of the nation does not rest on the faithfulness of its leaders, as it did in the time of the Kings of Israel and Judah. But that does not change the fact that those who would be recognized as good rulers, good leaders, good parents or bosses, even good spouses, would do well to reflect on the criteria by which Jesus and David were deemed good kings, or leaders. It was evidenced, and still is, I believe, by whether or not one lives “in the fear of the Lord” and rules or acts justly accordingly. The task then becomes knowing how to translate “the fear of the Lord” into everyday activities that give testimony to the fact of one’s fear of the Lord. What deeds do we do that might be like those recorded about David that give witness to his right to the title of the perfect King?
Well, for Christians, the obvious place to start is with the teachings of Christ. To what extent do we reflect faithfulness to Christ’s teachings? In what ways does our experience of knowing that “God is God and I’m not,” shape how we love God and love neighbor? Or to put it in reverse, to what extent does our love of God and love of neighbor reveal our sense of “the fear of the Lord?” Do we raise our children, spend our money, brush our teeth, give of our time, in such a way that others would say of us, “Whoa, now there goes someone who is in awe of how great their God is, who has a sense of the distance between heaven and earth.”
To be sure, there are times when we make mistakes, when we lead or follow contrary to the fear of God, when we behave unjustly, or simply unkindly. There is no denying that. We’re only human after all, right? But it is part of our faith to believe that our God is awesome enough to overcome whatever shortcomings we may have, and that even when we do stumble, there is forgiveness to be found. After all, David sent Uriah the Hittite to his death so he could steal his wife, but still found forgiveness and favor from God. And somehow, even though generations of Kings were evil in the sight of the Lord, God was still faithful to the covenant with David, bringing another perfect king to that family’s throne, the one we celebrate on Christ the King Sunday.
Behold the King: a blinding light. Jesus is blinding but what makes him so is not his good looks, his military prowess, or his longevity as King, since he wasn’t one, but that he was “ruling in the fear of God,” ruling justly. Jesus is the perfect light of the world cast upon each of us because God keeps God’s promises. May God bless each of us, and this church, as we try to be faithful, as we try to live “in the fear of the Lord.” Amen.
Sunday, November 19, 2017
© Stacey Steck
A panda walks into a bar. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air.
“Why? Why are you behaving in this strange, un-panda-like fashion?” asks the confused waiter, as the panda walks towards the exit. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife manual and tosses it over his shoulder.
“I'm a panda,” he says, at the door. “Look it up.” The waiter turns to the relevant entry and, sure enough, finds an explanation.
“Panda. Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves.”
Yes, punctuation is pretty important. And yet the Bible doesn’t have any, at least not in the ancient manuscripts we have. The writing in those days was just a long stream of words whose beginning, middle, and end were up for a lot of interpretation. There were no periods, commas, question marks, quotation marks, or any other kind of marks to give a good guide for the reader. And so we have done our best. Even so, it’s still quite possible that we’ve misunderstood something along the way. So let’s try a test. Which of these three attempts at punctuation of these four words -- “do better yet be” -- best describes the Christian life?
Do better yet? Be.
Do better! Yet be.
Do, better yet, be. Discuss.
This is the kind of question we are faced with not only in the absence of punctuation, but in the presence of parables like this morning’s which lend themselves to a variety of interpretations. Which is the right way to think about it? In our parable this morning, Jesus wasn’t really giving the disciples any new information; this is not one of those “the kingdom is like” parables. No, this one is one of the “this is what the time of waiting for my return will be like” parables. And in that type, the emphasis is not so much on teaching the hearers about God, but rather on provoking the hearer’s own response to the crisis brought by the parable. And the situation the parable describes hasn’t really changed very much in the last two thousand years. Jesus is telling his disciples that he will return, someday, even if he doesn’t tell them exactly when. They are to wait. We are still waiting. If something has changed, it is simply the expectation about how long we’ll have to wait. They thought it would be weeks or maybe months. We know it will likely be our whole lives, which only makes the question even more pressing for us. We have to plan for investing what has been given to us over a much longer term.
So you heard the parable. Which is it? Is God generous, or harsh? Is God out to bless you or get you? Discuss.
What? Not the right question, you say? Right. Which is the best investment strategy for a really large sum of money during an indeterminate period of time? Discuss.
Wait? Not the right question, again, you say? You are quick learners. These are the wrong questions because at this late date in the story, all the way here in chapter 25, Jesus is not still trying to help the disciples understand the nature of God. No, by now, Jesus has switched gears and wants them to reflect on their nature as disciples, disciples who will remain after he’s gone, but to whom he’s promised he’ll return. And so he gives them this parable about what they are supposed to do, or maybe more importantly, be, in that time he is away.
So, the right question might be, since parables are never as clear cut as we want them to be, what are you going to do, better yet, be, until Jesus returns? Discuss.
If it seems like I’m asking you to do all the work this morning, that’s about right. The parables of Jesus defy interpretation, at least one size fits all interpretations. You see, their very point is to put each person on the hook to decide what each person will do, better yet, be with their life. And the parable of the talents is a good example of this tendency of parables to leave a lot, or at least enough, to the imagination, for us to fill in the blanks with the details and futures of our own lives. The parables are open-ended questions calling for life altering answers, and no one else can give your answer for you.
But so that you’ll have enough to go on in your personal pondering on how you will do, better yet, be whatever God is calling you to while you wait for Jesus’ return, or your own death, whichever comes first, let me offer a few tips for your imagination.
The first tip is that this parable a little too conveniently conforms to our current view of ourselves, and whenever that happens, we should be suspicious. On the surface, the parable seems to suggest that working hard is a virtue in the kingdom, just as it is in our own time. After all, the two servants who did are commended, and the one who didn’t work, and didn’t even give the bank a chance to work, is condemned. It may be that we have become by our hard work what the parable seems to promote – risky, hard-working investors empowered by the Protestant Work Ethic – but more likely we have engaged in constructing the meaning of the parable in our own image. This is, of course, the opposite of the purpose of parables, which is precisely to explode our comfortable myths about ourselves and help us to do, better yet, be something new. So, maybe, just maybe, it’s not “hard work” that should characterize our time of waiting.
The second tip is that since the content of parable is about money and what to do with it, money and what to do with it are probably not the purpose of the parable. The amount the man gives to his slaves before he heads out on his trip is an absolutely enormous sum of money, one that Jesus’ disciples would not even have been able to wrap their heads around. The “talent,” was the largest coin in the empire, worth something like 6000 denarii, or the wages of nearly a lifetime’s work for a common laborer. It is not as ridiculous a number as the 10,000 talents Jesus uses in another parable, but it is still so big as to remove the issue of money from the equation of the disciple’s futures. If they thought Jesus or anyone else was going to leave them that kind of cash, they were more delusional than usual. So, he must be talking about something else besides investing his trust fund that they must do, better yet, be as they waited for his return.
And a final tip this morning is that despite the familiarity of the word talent, it is very unlikely Jesus is talking about our unique talents and abilities, or even the spiritual gifts we may have received from the Spirit. In the Greek of Jesus’ time, the words for such things do not appear in this story and so despite how the “to each his own” idea might seem to fit nicely with the open-endedness of the parable, and that each of the slaves was given “according to his ability,” Jesus is referring to something different than what each of us has to contribute to the common good.
So if it is not about hard work, or money, or the individual’s unique talents and gifts, just what is it that the man entrusted to his slaves? Well, there is a very compelling case to be made that it is nothing more than, and nothing less than, the good news of the Gospel itself. There’s a clue for us found in the punch line of the parable, the kind of scary, slightly, un-Jesus-like phrase that “to all those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away.” That doesn’t sound like the usual upside-down kingdom orientation where the last become first and the servants become the masters.
But here it is, one of only two places in the Bible where Jesus says something similar. The other place is in the thirteenth chapter of Matthew where Jesus explains just what the disciples have received from him, and what others haven’t, when he says, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them, it has not been given.” And Jesus talks about these secrets of the kingdom of heaven in the midst of speaking about the very purpose of the parables, which as I mentioned earlier are to put a person on the hook for deciding what to do, better yet, be with one’s life. There is very good reason to believe that Jesus is referring back to this earlier conversation about parables as he is telling tonight’s parable, linking what has been given to the disciples while Jesus has been with them, to what they are to use in their time without him.
And so the question becomes, what have they received from him? And why should some get more, and some have it taken away from them if they don’t make good use of it? Well, it seems to me that what they’ve learned from him is the good news of God’s grace revealed in Jesus, something they’d left their homes, jobs, and families for, someone they’d considered dying for, their pearl of great price, their treasure buried in a field, the content of all those parables of the first kind they’d heard, those “the kingdom is like” parables. They had it all, the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, straight from the master’s mouth. It’s not something you can casually turn back from. What happened to the one who did? According to Matthew, he hanged himself, his thirty pieces of silver scattered about the temple courtyard.
That is some of the background you would have brought as a disciple to hearing that parable in person. I think you’re ready. You’ve heard the parable. The question to you is the same. What will you do, better yet, be with the grace you have received in Jesus Christ? Discuss.
Wait. There’s one more thing. There’s an old Jewish parable about a soap-maker and a Rabbi. They’re out on a walk. The soap-maker says to the Rabbi, “Rabbi, what good is religion? What good is God? Look at all the misery in the world, what good does God do?” The Rabbi said, “That is a great question.” But then he didn’t answer it. They just kept walking along. They came across some kids who were playing in the dirt. The Rabbi said, “Look at those kids. You’re a soap-maker and you say that soap makes people clean, but look how dirty those kids are. What good does soap do?” The soap-maker said, “Well, Rabbi, soap doesn’t do any good unless you use it.”